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The following excerpt from Edward Abbey: A Life, by James M. Cahalan, published in fall 2001 by the University of Arizona Press (copyright 2001 Arizona Board of Regents) is reprinted by permission of the University of Arizona Press.

Another excerpt, the beginning of the first chapter, is published at University of Arizona Press website.

From "Conclusion: Waking a Legacy":

       Abbey and his ideas continue to live on in the public consciousness, often in surprising contexts. In 1995, a set of elaborate web pages and an increasingly active e-mail discussion list, called respectively "Abbey's Web" and "Abbeyweb," sprang up---hosted in Stockholm, Sweden.58 This development might have horrified Abbey, who quipped (with a pen) that "my computer tells me that in twenty-five years there will be no computers."59 Yet some participants were convinced that Abbey actually would have approved of the anarchistic, democratic nature of the Internet. In any event, Abbeyweb prospered as a very busy forum for discussions about Abbey, wilderness, and politics. Unusually enough for a predominately nonacademic discussion list, "Abbeywebbers" also began annual gatherings, the first held in Bluff, Utah, in October 1997, the second in Death Valley in November 1998, the third in the Moab area in October 1999, and the fourth at Lee's Ferry in October 2000. One participant arrived at the Death Valley gathering in Abbey's old, battered 1973 Ford pickup truck, which she bought for $26,500 at a May 1998 fundraising auction for the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance.60

Picture of the marker in Home, PA      In September 1996, a Pennsylvania state historical marker about Abbey was dedicated at Home, across the road on Route 119 from Paul Abbey's old rock shop and Paul and Mildred's little house. Paul Abbey had died on May 7, 1992, but Bill, Nancy, Howard, and Iva Abbey and nearly 100 others attended this 1996 dedication. After a local news report mentioned that Robert Redford had written a letter in support of the marker, the Associated Press wire picked up the story, which ran as far away as Honolulu, under the headline "Redford Honors Activist."61 Yet The Monkey Wrench Gang continued to be kept from the big screen (or even the little screen). In the spring of 1998, a wire story circulated about Dennis Hopper's forthcoming film of Abbey's novel, but at the novel's twenty-fifth anniversary at the turn of the century (though the book was reprinted then), once again no such movie had been made.

       In March 1999, a "Remembering Ed Abbey" week was held in Phoenix and Tempe, organized by Dick Kirkpatrick, and culminating on March 14 with remembrances by two of the best writers in Abbey's tradition, Charles Bowden and Terry Tempest Williams. As Williams had stressed in Outside in October 1997, Abbey "loved to be in our faces. Still does, no doubt."62 Various commemorative articles appeared in March 1999 in the Tucson and Phoenix newspapers, and a week-long radio series ran on Tucson's KUAT/KUAZ radio station.63 When Grace Lichtenstein of the New York Times had accused Abbey of being "thirty years behind the times" in 1976, Abbey had boasted to her, "I'm a hundred years behind the times!" (254). Yet at the end of the millennium, a decade after his death, he was still very much in the air.

      This was true even of some of Abbey's least popular positions. His argument that cars should be kept out of national parks fell on deaf ears when he made it the centerpiece of Desert Solitaire, but, three decades later, Grand Canyon National Park was preparing to implement a modified version of his proposal. Light rail will now transport most visitors to the South Rim from parking lots several miles away. Yosemite is moving ahead with a similar plan. When one writer ruminated in the New York Times in May 1997 about possible compromises for Yosemite, she described how Abbey's ghost had come back to haunt her, telling her to "go the whole hog" and ban cars entirely in Yosemite Valley.64 President Clinton outraged many Utahns when he designated the huge Grand Staircase National Monument in September 1996 in order to protect it from threatened development---but he gratified a great many wilderness activists who think more like Abbey. Even Abbey's by far least popular proposition---that immigration from Mexico be stopped---could be seen reflected in the April 1998 Sierra Club referendum proposing stricter limits on immigration. This proposal was defeated, but the very notion that the Sierra Club membership was seriously considering such an idea would have been unimaginable in earlier times. In the year 2000, proposals about limiting cattle grazing on public lands---such an outrageous idea when Abbey advanced it in 1985---were now mainstream.65


58. In late 2000, the "Abbeyweb" listserv was busily posting at, and the elaborate "Abbey's Web" site was at See Christer Lindh, "Weaving Abbey's Web," which appeared in Arid Lands Newsletter 38, and then at
59. Abbey, A Voice Crying in the Wilderness (1990), 6. Originally published as Vox Clamantis in Deserto (1989).
60. "Ed Abbey's Truck Auctioned at SUWA Fund Raiser," Abbey's Web, accessed in Sept. 2000 at
61. "Redford Honors Activist," Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Oct. 1, 1996, n.p. The Abbey historical marker subsequently appeared on the World Wide Web at
62. Terry Tempest Williams "Edward Abbey," Outside, Oct. 1997, 140.
63. See Jerry Ignasewski, "Abbey Gave Us Words to Live By," Arizona Republic, Mar. 4, 1999, The Rep magazine, 2; Julie Newberg, "Abbey's Road," Arizona Republic, Mar. 4, 1999, The Rep magazine, 54--55; Steve Yozwiak, "Legacy on the Land: Environmentalists Still Follow Author Abbey's Call to Action," Arizona Republic, Mar. 7, 1999, E1--E4; Tricia Wasbotten Parker, "The Famous Mr. Ed," New Times (Phoenix), Mar. 11--17, 1999, 42; and Rhonda Bodfield, "Controversial Environmentalist Abbey Stirs Emotions 10 Years After His Death," Arizona Daily Star, Mar. 13, 1999, 1B--2B.
64. Lesley Hazleton, "Arguing with a Ghost in Yosemite," New York Times, May 11, 1997, 37.
65. See, for example, Todd Wilkinson, "In a Battle over Cattle, Both Sides Await Grazing Ruling," Christian Science Monitor, May 1, 2000, 2.


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